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    Architekten
    studio 44 architects, St. Petersburg (RU)

    Erläuterungstext
    MAIN RAILWAY STATION OF ASTANA
    International competition winning proposal

    Astana, Kazakhstan

    PROJECT: 2010
    CLIENT: Astana administration and АО “National company “Kazakstan Temir Zholy”

    AUTHORS:
    STUDIO 44 ARCHITECTS
    Architects: Nikita Yavein, Vladimir Zenkevich, Sergey Aksenov, Yuri Asmetyev, Mariya Vinogradova, Ilya Grigoryev, Veronika Zhukova, Ivan Kozhin, Vladimir Lemekhov, Evgeny Novosadyuk, George Snezhkin, Anton Stanchinsky, Kseniya Schastlivtzeva, Margarita Yavein

    Structural engineer: Vladimir Gershtein
    Model: Yakov Itzikson

    Our project treats the railway complex not as just a railway station, but as the MAIN GATES through which Astana can be accessed. The gates will appear in the perspective of one of the city’s busiest highways.
    The location of the station at the crossroads of the city’s main routes, at the point where the railway tracks, the highway and the metro intersect, will transform it into a huge transport hub. At such points of concentration of people and business activity, it is natural for multi-purpose buildings to appear. In our proposal, the train station is supported by a retail and commercial volume that will be placed to the other side of the tracts, but at the same time interconnected to the station to form a single complex.
    The arch of the MAIN GATES of Astana will rise in the perspective of Mustafina Street at the same principle as the Grand Arch in la Défense district of Paris in the perspective of Champs-Élysées Avenue. The new station will be integrated into the system of the city’s dominants and will continue the row of its iconic buildings seen from Mustafina Street: MAIN GATES OF ASTANA – THE PALACE OF SCHOOLCHILDREN – PRESIDENT’S PALACE – THE HOUSE OF GOVERNMENT, etc.
    The most expressive and significant constituent in the architecture of the complex is the transparent roof structure in the shape of a hyperbolic paraboliod. The arch rises over the station and the roads leading to it as if a rainbow over a steppe accentuating the vastness of the city’s territory. Flowing outlines of the arch remind the viewer of the hills and kurgans of the Kazakh landscape. At the same time, the outlines of the arch share the structural hardness of a saddle and the elasticity of a spring.

    DATA
    Footprint area - 181 475 sq. m , out of there:
    • railway station building - 14 810 sq. m,
    • railway station with parking spaces - 137 134 sq. m ,
    • parking spaces аt the concourse level - 18 710 sq. m
    • retail and commercial building - 15 302 sq. m
    Railway station total area - 33 670 sq. m
    Railway station structural volume - 386 000 cub. m
    Passenger flow per day - 12 000 - 35 000
    Railway station capacity - 2 500 passengers
    Parking - 2 620 sq. m
    Residential and commercial building total area - 23 840 sq. m
    Residential and commercial building structural volume - 230 000 cub. m

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